In the thirteenth century, turquoise was named in the mistaken belief that it came from Turkey.
In fact, turquoise came in Europe through Turkey, but its origin was Persia, where it has been mined for thousands of years.
The Persian word for turquoise is «ferozah» or «firozah», which means victorious.
Turquoise is one of the oldest known gem materials. The Egyptians were mining turquoise in the Sinai as early as 5,500 BC.
The blue color of turquoise was thought to have powerful metaphysical properties by many ancient cultures.
In ancient Mexico, turquoise was reserved for the gods and could not be worn by mere mortals.
In Asia, turquoise was considered as effective protection against the evil eye.
In Tibet even today, turquoise is by far the most popular of all materials used for personal adornment, and still play an important part in religious ceremonies.
In the United States South West, the Apache believed that turquoise helped warriors and hunters to aim accurately.
The Zuni believed that it protected them from demons. Another belief was that turquoise had the power to protect the wearer from injury from falling, especially falling from horse-back, and that it made the horse more sure footed.
Turquoise was also thought to promote prosperity and is, alternating with zircon, the birthstone for December.
Turquoise is quite porous and subject to impregnating and dying.
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